Your colon’s main job is to absorb water from residual food as it’s passing through your digestive system. It then creates stool (waste). The colon’s muscles eventually propel the waste out through the rectum to be eliminated. If stool remains in the colon too long, it can become hard and difficult to pass. Poor diet frequently causes constipation. Dietary fiber and adequate water intake are necessary to help keep stools soft. Fiber-rich foods are generally made from plants. Fiber comes in soluble and insoluble forms. The soluble fiber can dissolve in water and creates a soft, gel-like material as it passes through the digestive system. Insoluble fiber retains most of its structure as it goes through the digestive system. Both forms of fiber join with stool, increasing its weight and size while also softening it.Online Clinic Appointment
This makes it easier to pass through the rectum. Stress, changes in routine, and conditions that slow muscle contractions of the colon or delay your urge to go may also lead to constipation. Common causes of constipation include low-fiber diet, particularly diets high in meat, milk, or cheese, dehydration, lack of exercise, delaying the impulse to have a bowel movement, travel or other changes in routine, certain medications, such as high calcium antacids and pain medications, pregnancy, Underlying medical problems. The following are some underlying medical problems that can bring on constipation certain diseases, such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and diabetes problems with the colon or rectum, including intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or diverticulosis overuse or misuse of laxatives (medications to loosen stools hormonal problems, including an underactive thyroid gland.
Each person’s definition of normal bowel movements may be different. Some individuals go three times a day, while others go three times a week. However, you may be constipated if you experience the following symptoms are fewer than three bowel movements a week, passing hard, dry stools, straining or pain during bowel movements, a feeling of fullness, even after having a bowel movement, experiencing a rectal blockage
Eating a poor diet and not exercising are major risk factors for constipation. You may also be at greater risk if you’re Age 65 or older. Older adults tend to be less physically active, have underlying diseases, and eat poorer diets. Confined to bed. Those who have certain medical conditions, such as spinal cord injuries, often have difficulty with bowel movements. A woman or child. Women have more frequent episodes of constipation than men, and children are affected more often than adults. Pregnant. Hormonal changes and pressure on your intestines from your growing baby can lead to constipation.
Changing your diet and increasing your physical activity level are the easiest and fastest ways to treat and prevent constipation. Try the following techniques as well i.e. every day, drink 1 1/2 to 2 quarts of unsweetened, decaffeinated fluids, like water, to hydrate the body. Limit consumption of alcohol and caffeinated drinks, which cause dehydration. Add fiber-rich foods to your diet, such as raw fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, prunes, or bran cereal. Your daily intake of fiber should be between 20 and 35 grams. Cut down on low-fiber foods, such as meat, milk, cheese, and processed foods.
Aim for about 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week, with a goal of 30 minutes per day at least five times per week. Try walking, swimming, or biking. If you feel the urge to have a bowel movement, don’t delay. The longer you wait, the harder your stool can become. Add fiber supplements to your diet if needed. Just remember to drink plenty of fluids because fluids help fiber work more efficiently.
Use laxatives sparingly. Your doctor may prescribe laxatives or enemas for a short period of time to help soften your stools. Never use laxatives for more than two weeks without talking to your doctor. Your body can become dependent on them for proper colon function. Consider adding probiotics to your diet, like those found in yogurt and kefir with live active cultures. Studies Trusted Source have shown that this dietary change can be helpful for those with chronic constipation. If you still have trouble with constipation, your doctor may prescribe medications to help. According to a study Trusted Source, linaclotide (Linzess) is recommended for people with IBS-related constipation. These medications work by increasing the secretions in your intestines, making the stool easier to pass. Your doctor may also advise that you stop taking certain medications that may cause constipation. More severe colon or rectal problems may require manual procedures to clear the colon of impacted stool, therapy to retrain slow muscles, or surgery to remove the problem part of your colon.